My Mother

By, Dr. APJ Abdulkalam

My Teacher

By, Dr. APJ Abdulkalam

Profile of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

Born on 15th October 1931 at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu, Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, graduated in Science from St. Joseph's College, Trichy in 1954 and specialized in Aeronautical Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1957. Dr. Kalam is a pioneer in fibre glass technology and led a young team to initiate this effort in ISRO from design, development leading to production of composites rocket motor cases. Dr. Kalam made significant contribution as Project Director to develop India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-3) which successfully injected the Rohini satellite in the near earth orbit in July 1980 and made India an exclusive member of Space Club.

He was responsible for the evolution of ISRO's launch vehicle programme, particularly the PSLV configuration. After working for two decades in ISRO and mastering launch vehicle technologies, Dr. Kalam took up the responsibility of developing Indigenous Guided Missiles at Defence Research and Development Organisation as the Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). He was responsible for the development and operationalisationof AGNI and PRITHVI Missiles and for building indigenous capability in critical technologies through networking of multiple institutions. One of his significant contribution was creating Research Centre Imarat for advanced technologies. He was the Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development from July 1992 to December 1999. During this period he led to the weaponisation of strategic missile systems and the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in collaboration with Department of Atomic Energy, which made India a nuclear weapon State. He also gave thrust to self-reliance in defence systems by progressing multiple development tasks and mission projects such as Light Combat Aircraft.

As Chairman of Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) and as an eminent scientist, he led the country with the help of 500 experts to arrive at Technology Vision 2020 giving a road map for transforming India from the present developing status to a developed nation. Dr. Kalam has served as the Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India, in the rank of Cabinet Minister, from November 1999 to November 2001 and was responsible for evolving policies, strategies and missions for many development applications. Dr. Kalam was also the Chairman, Ex-officio, of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet (SAC-C) and piloted India Millennium Mission 2020.

In the bio-medical area, Dr. Kalam along with his team collaborated with medical specialists in the development of Kalam-Raju stent during 1994 - 1996. Kalam-Raju cardiac stent after qualification trials has been fitted to many needy patients. This development has further led to the creation of a production unit of state-of-the-art stents. Also, he had initiated the use of carbon-carbon and carbon-polymer materials for production of floor reaction orthosis calipers which has reduced the weight of the caliper to 1/10th of the original weight during 1995 & 1996. Over 50,000 children have been fitted with these calipers.

Dr. Kalam took up academic pursuit as Professor, Technology & Societal Transformation at Anna University, Chennai from November 2001 and was involved in teaching and research tasks. Above all he took up a mission to ignite the young minds for national development by meeting school students across the country. During the last decade, Dr. Kalam has addressed over five million youth below the age of 17 and inspired them to become an active participant of India Vision 2020. He has addressed several children science congresses across the country.

Dr. Kalam is passionate about bringing rural prosperity through PURA (Providing Urban Amenities to Rural Areas), in which science and technology has to play a key role. Based on his diverse experience he has been propagating the concept of World Knowledge Platform through which the core competencies of organizations and nations can be synergized to innovate and create solutions and products for the challenges of 21st century.

In his literary pursuit Dr. Kalam authored a number of books, such as "Wings of Fire", "India 2020 - A Vision for the New Millennium", "My journey" and "Ignited Minds - Unleashing the power within India", "Indomitable Spirit", "Guiding Souls", "Envisioning an Empowered Nation", "Inspiring Thoughts", "Children Ask Kalam", "You are born to blossom", "Family and the Nation", "Life Tree" and "The Luminous Sparks" a collection of his poems. Many of them have become household names in India and among the Indian nationals abroad. These books have been translated into many Indian and foreign languages.

Dr. Kalam is one of the most distinguished scientists of India with the unique honour of receiving honorary doctorates from 48 Universities and institutions from India and abroad. The Honorary Doctorates include, Nyenrode Business University, Netherlands; Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburg USA; University of Wolverhampton, UK; University of Kentucky,USA; Oakland University, Michigan USA; University of Waterloo, Canada; University Sans Malaysia, Malaysia University of Sydney, Australia and the Simon Fraser University, Vancouver.

He has been awarded with the coveted civilian awards - Padma Bhushan (1981) and Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the highest civilian award Bharat Ratna (1997). He is a recipient of several other awards and Fellow of many professional institutions.

International Recognitions

The Royal Society, UK has awarded Dr Kalam with the King Charles-II Medal for Science and Technology in October 2007. He received the Woodrow Wilson Award in 2008. The Royal Academy of Engineering, London conferred on him the International Medal 2008 in June 2009 at London. The Hoover Board of Awards presented him the Hoover Medal 2008 at New York in April 2009. The Aerospace Historical Society in Collaboration with the Graduate Aerospace Laboratories (GALCIT) at the California Institute of Technology awarded him the 2009 International Von Karman Wings Award in September 2009.

Dr. Kalam became the 11th President of India on 25th July 2002. After five eventful years he demitted office on 25th July 2007. His focus is on transforming India into a developed nation by 2020. His accent is on constructive networking and excellent human resources for an economically developed, prosperous and peaceful society.

By, Dr. APJ Abdulkalam


S.No University Year Title Place
1 Anna University,Chennai 1981 Doctor of Science Chennai
2 Jadvapur University 1980 Doctor of Science Kolkata
3 Kalyani University 1990 Doctor of Science Kolkata
4 IIT Kanpur 1990 Doctor of Science Kanpur, UP
5 Maharaja Sayajirao University 1990 Doctor of Science Baroda, Gujarat
6 Shantiniketan, University 1990 Doctor of Science Kolkata
7 Madurai Kamaraj University 1990 Doctor of Science Madurai
8 Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University 1997 Doctor of Philosophy Hyderabad
9 Patna University 1990 Doctor of Science Patna
10 IIT, Mumbai 1991 Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) Mumbai
11 IIT, Banaras Hindu University 1991 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Banaras
12 University of Hyderabad 1993 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Hyderabad
13 University of Roorkee 1994 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Roorkee
14 IIT, Delhi 1995 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Delhi
15 University of Mysore 1995 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Mysore
16 Birla Institute of Technology 1995 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Ranchi
17 University of Allahabad 1996 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Allahabad
18 University of Delhi 1998 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Delhi
19 Indian School of Mines 1998 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Dhanbad
20 Bharathidasan University 1998 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Trichy
21 University of Madras 1999 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Madras
22 Andhra University 2000 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Vizag
23 Manipal Academy of Higher Education (Deemed Univ) 2000 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Manipal
24 Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj University 2000 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Kanpur
25 Kanpur 2001 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Tezpur
26 Visveswaraiah Technological University 2002 Doctor of Science Belgaum
27 Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwa Vidyalaya 2002 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Bhopal
28 Nyenrode Business University 2007 Doctor(Honoris Causa) Breukelen
29 Carnegie Mellon University 2007 Doctor of Science Pittsburgh
30 Nanyang Technological University 2008 Doctor of Engineering(Honoris Causa) Singapore
31 University of Kentucky 2008 Honorary Doctor of Science Kentucky
32 Aligarh Muslim University 2008 Doctor of Science(Honoris Causa) Aligarh
33 IIT-Kharagpur 2008 Doctor of Science (Hon Causa) Kharagpur, WB
34 University of Wolverhampton 2008 Doctor of Science Birmingham London
35 University Sans Malaysia 2008 Doctorate in Science Malaysia
36 Queen's University 2008 Doctor of of Laws Belfast, UK
37 Oakland University 2009 Doctor of Science Oakland Rochester Michigan, USA
38 University of Louisville, KY 2010 Doctor of Letters Kentucky USA
39 University of Waterloo 2010 Doctor of Science Toronto
40 Defence Instt of Advanced Technologies (DU) 2011 PhD (Hon Causa) Pune, India
41 University of Sydney 2011 Doctor of Engg(Hon causa) Sydney, Aus
42 Sastra University, Thanjavu 2011 Degree of Science (Hon Causa) Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu
43 B.S. Abdur Rahman University Chennai 2012 Doctor of Science (Honoris Causa) Chennai, Tamil Nadu
44 Simon Fraser University Vancouver, Canada 2012 Honorary Degree Doctor of Laws, honoris causa Vancouver
45 NIT, Silchar 2013 Doctor of Science Silchar, Assam
46 Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Agriculture & Technology,Meerut-UP 2014 Doctor of Science (HC) Meerut, UP
47 University of Edinburgh 2014 Doctor of Science (HC) Edinburgh, UK
48 Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur 2014 Doctor of Science (HC) In-absentia At XII Convocation on 27 June 14


S.No Title of Book Author(s) Publisher Languages in which published/translated
1 My Journey(Book of Poems) APJ Abdul Kalam English
2 Wings of Fire APJ Abdul Kalam & Prof Arun Tiwari Universities Press India Pvt Ltd,Hyderabad English, Hindi, Assamese, Audio book, Braille, Bodo, Bangla, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Oriya, Marathi, Telegu,Urdu, Korean, Sinhalease, Russian, Chinese, Thai, Japanese
3 India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium. A P J Abdul Kalam and Dr Y S Rajan Penguin Books India Ltd English, Hindi, Marathi, Oriya Gujarati, Sinhalese, Malayalam, Assamese, Punjabi,Kannada,Telugu, Tamil, Thai (2014)
4 Ignited Minds A P J Abdul Kalam Penguin Books India Ltd English, Hindi, Malayalam, Gujarati, Marathi, Oriya, Tamil,Punjabi, Telugu,Assamese,Sinhalease, Romanian
5 Envisioning an Empowered Nation A P J Abdul Kalam and Dr A S Pillai Tata McGrawhill English, Hindi, Tamil
6 Luminous Sparks (Poem) A P J Abdul Kalam Punya Publications, Bangalore English
7 The Life Tree A P J Abdul Kalam Penguin Books India Ltd English
8 Guiding Souls A P J Abdul Kalam, Arun Tiwari Ocean Books India Ltd,New Delhi English, Hindi, Malayalam and Tamil
9 Mission India(Abridged Version of India 2020) A P J Abdul Kalam and Y S Rajan Penguin Books India Ltd English
10 Children Ask Kalam A P J Abdul Kalam Pearson Education, Delhi English, Tamil
11 Songs of Life A P J Abdul Kalam Prabhat Prakashan English
12 இளைஞர்கள் காலம் APJ Abdul Kalam & V Ponraj Nakkheeran Publications Tamil
13 Indomitable Spirit A P J Abdul Kalam Rajpal & Sons,New Delhi English, Korean
14 You are Born to blossom A P J Abdul Kalam and Arun Tiwari Ocean Books Pvt Ltd,New Delhi-2 English, Hindi, Malayalam
15 Inspiring Thoughts APJ Abdul Kalam Rajpal & Sons,New Delhi English
16 Family and the Nation APJ Abdul Kalam and Acharya Mahapragya Harper Collins India Ltd,New Delhi English, Tamil, Hindi
17 Scientific Indian APJ Abdul Kalam and Y S Rajan Penguin Books India English
18 Spirit of India APJ Abdul Kalam Rajpal & Sons English, Hindi
19 Target 3 Billion APJ Abdul Kalam and Srijan Pal Singh Penguin Books 2012 English
20 "You are Unique" APJ Abdul Kalam Punya Publishing Pvt Ltd English
21 Building a New India APJ Abdul Kalam and Y S Rajan Penguin Books, New Delhi English
22 Turning Points APJ Abdul Kalam Harper Collins 2012 English, Tamil, Malayalam
23 'Squaring the circle: Seven steps to Indian Renaissance' A P J Abdul Kalam & Prof Arun Tiwari Universities Press India Ltd, Hyderabad 2013 English
24 "Thoughts for Change: We can do it" APJ Abdul Kalam & A S Pillai Tranquebar Press 2013 English
25 My Journey : Transforming dreams into actions APJ Abdul Kalam Rupa Publications 2013 English,Tamil, Telugu
26 Governance For Growth in India APJ Abdul Kalam Rupa Publications 2014 English
27 Manifesto for Change APJ Abdul Kalam & V Ponraj Harper Collins 2014 English
28 Beyond 2020 A Vision for Tomorrow's India APJ Abdul Kalam and Y S Rajan Penguin Books India Ltd 2014 English
29 The Righteous Life APJ Abdul Kalam Rupa Publications 2014 English
30 Forge Your Future APJ Abdul Kalam Rajpal & Sons English
31 The Guiding Light : A Selections of Quotations from My Favourite Books APJ Abdul Kalam Rupa Publications 2015 English
32 Re-Ignited APJ Abdul Kalam & Srijan Pal Singh Penguin Books May 2015 English
33 Transcendence My Spiritual Experiecnes with Pramukh Swamiji APJ Abdul Kalam With Arun Tiwari 20 June 2015 English
34 புயலை தாண்டினால் தென்றல் (எண்ணத்தில் நலமிருந்தால் என் கனவு தமிழகம் மலரும்) APJ Abdul Kalam & V. Ponraj In progress Tamil