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Address during the Inauguration of golden jubilee celebrations of MS.Ramaiah Institute of Technology
Bangalore, Sep 8 2011
Updated on Sep 10 2011
Published bywww.abdulkalam.com
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Breaking the barrier of impossibilities

Imagination leads to creativity
Creativity blossoms thinking
Thinking provides knowledge
Knowledge makes you great.

Today, I am delighted to participate in the inauguration of the Golden Jubilee celebrations of MS Ramaiah Institute of Technology (MSRIT) in this beautiful environment of youth and potential for creativity. My greetings to the students, faculty members, alumni, staff and distinguished guests assembled here during this historic occasion. I am very happy that MSRIT has grown into an institution having 23 programmes in engineering and management with an annual intake of over 1400 students, apart from students joining for PhD programme. During the last 50 years, MSRIT would have generated over 35,000 engineers who are deployed in various fields in India and abroad. I congratulate the pioneers both present and past who have laid a robust education system in the MSRIT for generating quality professionals needed for national development missions. Today, I would like to share a few thoughts on "Breaking the barrier of impossibilities".

Unique you

It is said, "History has proven that those who dare to imagine the impossible are the ones who break all human limitations. In every field of human endevour, whether science, medicine, sports, the arts, or technology, the names of the people who imagined the impossible and achieved are engraved in our history. By breaking the limits of their imagination, they changed the world." Of course, it is true in India, Sir CV Raman who gave the theory on inelastic scattering of photon in light, Dr Vikram Sarabhai in evolving vision space research, Dr MS Swaminathan in bringing to the nation first green revolution and Dr Verghese Kurien in white revolution,Jamshetji Tata for pioneering in steel manufacture and seeding the science institutions IISc have broken the barriers of impossibilities. Dear young friends, question is, are you willing to be the unique personality?

Dear friends, Look up, what do you see, the light, the electric bulbs. Immediately, our thoughts go to the inventor Thomas Alva Edison, for his unique contribution towards the invention of electric bulb and his electrical lighting system.
When you hear the sound of aero plane going over your house, whom do you think of? Wright Brothers proved that man could fly of course at heavy risk and cost.

Whom does the telephone remind you of? Of course, Alexander Graham Bell. He suggested in 1905:
"Don't keep forever on the public road, going only where others have gone. Leave the beaten track occasionally and dive into the woods. You will be certain to find something you have never seen before. It will be a little thing, but do not ignore it. Follow it up, explore all around it; one discovery will lead to another, and before you know it, you will have something worth thinking about."

-------- Alexander Graham Bell

Do you know an Indian Mathematician who did not have formal higher education but had inexhaustible spirit and love for mathematics which took him to contribute to the treasure houses of mathematical research ¡V some of which are still under serious study and engaging all-available world mathematicians¡¦ efforts to establish formal proofs? He was a unique Indian genius who could melt the heart of the most hardened and outstanding Cambridge mathematician Prof G H Hardy. In fact, it is not an exaggeration to say that it was Prof. Hardy who discovered a great mathematician for the world. This mathematician was of-course Srinivasa Ramanujan for whom every number was a divine manifestation.

Friends, so far, we have studied those who walked into unexplored path and strived to be unique and are remembered for their contribution to the human kind.
Inventions and discoveries have emanated from creative minds that have been constantly working and imagining the outcome in the mind. With imagining and constant effort, all the forces of the universe work for that inspired mind, thereby leading to inventions and discoveries. The question is: are you willing to become a unique personality. Let me share an experience.

I have, so far, met 12 million youth in India and abroad, in a decade¡¦s time. I learnt, "every youth wants to be unique, that is, YOU! But the world all around you, is doing its best, day and night, to make you just "everybody else".

The challenge, my young friends, is that you have to fight the hardest battle, which any human being can ever imagine to fight; and never stop fighting until you arrive at your destined place, that is, a UNIQUE YOU! Friends what will be your tools to fight this battle. There are four criteria for building a unique personality, what are they: have a great aim in life, continuously acquire the knowledge, work hard and persevere to realize the great achievement.

Distinctive Profile of India by 2020

Friends, for the past several years, I have been discussing with the young and experienced on the vision of the nation and how each one, whatever be his or her professional orientation, can contribute to the pillars of development. As I envisage, the pillars of Indian development profile 2020 are as follows:
1. A Nation where the rural and urban divide has reduced to a thin line.
2. A Nation where there is an equitable distribution and adequate access to energy and quality water.
3. A Nation where agriculture, industry and service sector work together in symphony.
4. A Nation where education with value system is not denied to any meritorious candidates because of societal or economic discrimination.
5. A Nation, which is the best destination for the most talented scholars, scientists, and investors.
6. A Nation where the best of health care is available to all.
7. A Nation where the governance is responsive, transparent and corruption free.
8. A Nation where poverty has been totally eradicated, illiteracy removed and crimes against women and children are absent and none in the society feels alienated.
9. A Nation that is prosperous, healthy, secure, devoid of terrorism, peaceful and happy and continues with a sustainable growth path.
10. A Nation that is one of the best places to live in and is proud of its leadership.

Integrated Action for developed India

To achieve the distinctive profile of India, we have the mission of transforming India into a developed nation. We have identified five areas where India has a core competence for integrated action: (1) Agriculture and food processing (2) Education and Healthcare (3) Information and Communication Technology (4) Reliable and Quality Electric power, Surface transport and Infrastructure for all parts of the country. (5) Self-reliance in critical technologies. These five areas are closely inter-related and by progressing in a coordinated way, leading to food, economic and national security.

Challenges for youth and organizations

Friends, please study carefully at each of the pillars. You will find some interesting challenge. All of them require convergence of disciplines and technologies. In an engineering system level, optimization of systems takes place with the targets of performance, cost and schedule. In the case of human body, ultimately decisions will involve the overall well being. In the case of the nation, the best decisions happen when everyone puts the nation above himself or herself. The other important aspect is the confidence that innovations can be done and changes can be brought out for the better. The third aspect is, while technologies will be developed and human welfare will be enabled, lasting peace and prosperity will happen only through development of enlightened citizenship. Development of enlightened citizenship has three components; (1) provision of value based education (2) religion transforming into spirituality and (3) national development. I am sure, the education system in MSRIT should study about the PURA system (Providing Urban Amenities in Rural Areas) and create MSRIT PURA in the rural outskirts of Bangaluru by establishing physical connectivity, electronic connectivity, and knowledge connectivity leading to economic prosperity to population between 50,000 to 100,000.

Let me now talk about convergence of technologies.

Convergence of Technologies

The information technology and communication technology have already converged leading to Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Information Technology combined with bio-technology has led to bio-informatics. Similarly, Photonics is grown out from the labs to converge with classical Electronics and Microelectronics to bring in new high speed options in consumer products. Flexible and unbreakable displays using thin layer of film on transparent polymers have emerged as new symbols of entertainment and media tools. Now, Nano-technology has come in. It is the field of the future that will replace microelectronics and many fields with tremendous application potential in the areas of medicine, electronics and material science. I am sure about the use of nano-robot for drug delivery. When Nano technology and ICT meet, integrated silicon electronics, photonics are born and it can be said that material convergence will happen. With material convergence and biotechnology linked, a new science called Intelligent Bioscience will be born which would lead to a disease free, happy and more intelligent human habitat with longevity and high human capabilities. Convergence of bio-nano-info technologies can lead to the development of nano robots. Nano robots when they are injected into a patient, my expert friends say, it will diagnose and deliver the treatment exclusively in the affected area and then the nano-robot gets digested as it is a DNA based product. I saw the product sample in one of the labs in South Korea where best of minds with multiple technology work with a target of finding out of the box solution.

Now, a new trend is emerging. The aspect being introduced is that of Ecology. Globally, the demand is shifting towards development of sustainable systems which are technologically superior. This is the new dimension of the 21st century knowledge society, where science and environment will go together. Thus the new age model would be a four dimensional bio-nano-info-eco based.

Nation needs employment generators

Let us take another example, how governance is enriched by information networks and technologies. They enhance efficiency, instant connectivities, better cross reference and transparency. They enable the unreached to be reached. There are plenty of opportunities in this area for entrepreneurship of individuals and small organization working along with Government, private sector and large organizations. Of course many older processes of working together need to be re-engineered for speed, efficiency and transparency. When technologies and systems converge, obviously one important aspect is ¡§systems thinking and implementation¡¨. What the nation needs is, employment generators. Engineering educational institutions like MSRIT need to facilitate the graduating students with this capacity.

Friends, any establishment, any organization, you will be joining or you create, your own enterprise becoming an employment generator, always one demand that will come in front of you, that is: the experience of system design, system integration, and system management of the assignment or the task to be undertaken by you. I would like to present my experience of learning system design, system integration and system management while I was studying aeronautical engineering in MIT, Chennai, (1954-57) during the third year of my course.

Learning integrated system design

I was assigned a project to design a low-level attack aircraft together with six other colleagues. I was given the responsibility of system design and system integration by integrating the team members. Also, I was responsible for aerodynamic and structural design of the project. The other five of my team took up the design of propulsion, control, guidance, avionics and instrumentation of the aircraft. My design teacher Prof. Srinivasan, the then Director of MIT, was our guide. He reviewed the project and declared my work to be gloomy and disappointing. He didn¡¦t lend an ear to my difficulties in bringing together data base from multiple designers. I asked for a month¡¦s time to complete the task, since I had to get the inputs from five of my colleagues without which I cannot complete the system design. Prof. Srinivasan told me "Look, young man, today is Friday afternoon. I give you three days time. By Monday morning, if I don¡¦t get the configuration design, your scholarship will be stopped." I had a jolt in my life, as scholarship was my lifeline, without which I cannot continue with my studies. There was no other way out but to finish the task. My team felt the need for working together round the clock. We didn¡¦t sleep that night, working on the drawing board skipping our dinner. On Saturday, I took just an hour¡¦s break. On Sunday morning, I was near completion, when I felt someone¡¦s presence in my laboratory. It was Prof. Srinivasan studying my progress. After looking at my work, he patted and hugged me affectionately. He had words of appreciation: "I knew I was putting you under stress and asking you to meet a difficult deadline. You have done great job in system design¡¨.

Through this review mechanism Prof Srinivasan, really injected the necessity of understanding the value of time by each team member and brought out engineering education has to lead system design, system integration and system management. I realized that if something is at stake, the human minds get ignited and the working capacity gets enhanced manifold. That¡¦s what exactly happened. This is one of the techniques of building talent. The message is that young in the organization, whatever is their specialization, be trained to systems approach and projects, which will prepare them for new products, innovation and undertaking higher organizational responsibilities. Friends, you should get ready to acquire knowledge in an integrated way for using multiple disciplines towards product development and its management.
On this occasion, I have one suggestion, Can you consider establishing of a forum in the MSRIT with all departments, students, administration and parents to identify technological research to move forward towards ¡§India development profile 2020¡¨. This may lead to several projects with specific targets for sustainable development in the neighbourhood of this institute.

Conclusion: Economic development and prosperity

Friends, engineering education ultimately aims to generate creative leaders in multiple areas. There is a great linkage between economic development of the nation and creative leaders. Let me share with you.
* Nations Economic development is powered by competitiveness.
* The competitiveness is powered by knowledge power.
* The knowledge power is powered by Technology and innovation.
* The Technology and innovation is powered by resource investment.
* The Resource investment is powered by revenue and return on Investment.
* The Revenue is powered by Volume and repeat sales through customer loyalty.
* The customer loyalty is powered by Quality and value of products.
* Quality and value of products is powered by Employee Productivity and innovation.
* The Employee Productivity is powered by Employee Loyalty, employee satisfaction and working environment.
* The Working Environment is powered by management stewardship and sound project management.
* Management stewardship is powered by Creative leadership.

I am sure, MSRIT will inspire the young in transforming into technologists possessing creative leadership qualities who will contribute to wealth creation in industry and promote national development through their professional skills and the mission of working with integrity and succeeding with integrity.

With these words, I inaugurate the Golden Jubilee celebrations of MS Ramaiah Institute of Technology (MSRIT), Bangaluru. My greetings and best wishes to all of you for success in the mission of developing quality technological human resource for the nation.

May God bless you.

Eight point Oath the Students

1. Engineering and Technology is a life time mission. I will work, work and work and succeed.
2. I will work with integrity and succeed with integrity.
3. Wherever I am, a thought will always come to my mind. That is what process or product I can innovate, invent or discover.
4. I will always remember that ¡§Let not my winged days, be spent in vain¡¨.
5. I realize I have to set a great technological goal that will lead me to think high, work and persevere to realize the goal.
6. My greatest friends will be great scientific and technological minds, good teachers and good books.
7. I firmly believe that no problem can defeat me; I will become the captain of the problem, defeat the problem and succeed.
8. I will work and work for removing the problems faced by planet earth in the areas of water, energy, habitat, waste management and environment through the application of science and technology.
9. I will work for a carbon neutral Bangaluru and the district wherever my habitat is located.
10. My National Flag flies in my heart and I will bring glory to my nation.


By, Dr. APJ Abdulkalam
www.abdulkalam.com

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1   SantoshPosted OnSep 23 2011 00:39:25
santos.kumar.behera@gmail.com
This is truly inspiring. It will accelerate me to think beyond jobs and money. Thanks a lot sir.




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