I am indeed delighted to participate in the inauguration of Bal Bhavan new complex at Rajkot. My greetings to all of you. I am happy that the 55 years old Bal Bhavan has got a new building with developmental amenities for the children for promoting fine arts such as painting, dance and drama, performing arts theatre, handicrafts, ceramic and wood-works, science park, multimedia room and indoor outdoor sports facilities. All these activities will definitely promote the creativity among the 6000 thousand children who are making use of the Bal Bhavan. Smt. Vidyaben Shah has been a social activist for over six decades. She has devoted her life towards improving the education, nutrition and empowerment of women and children particularly in remote rural areas. Presently, she is also working towards improving the quality of life of senior citizens through Senior Citizen Social Forum. Now Smt. Vidyaben Shah and her team have undertaken the mission of renovating the Bal Bhavan with the help of philanthropist of this region. She has developed a system of leadership for social work in our country. Today when I am in the midst of creative children, I would like to talk on the topic "Creativity enriches young minds".
Creativity commences in children with primary education
Dear friends, I would suggest that the creativity has to be built-in the primary schooling of children in the age group of 5 to 11. This is the period the learning time of our children should be devoted to creative lessons like building model aircraft, rockets, spacecrafts, cars, tractors, chemical experiments, electronic devices, computers, paintings, sculptures, music and dance. That means our present syllabus has to be changed and the learning process should concentrate on creative lessons, creative products in the class rooms, so that creativity in young minds is nurtured and grown.
I was thinking about creativity. 1. How it is created? 2. What is the source? 3. Is it genetic? Or 4. By learning, can it be created?
Father, Mother, Teacher, home environment and primary school environment are the influencing factors in creating creativity among the children. Dear Children, can you tell me four or five events of 20th century that changed the human life in this planet? Any one of you? Charles Darwin was an English naturalist who realized and presented evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors, through the process he called natural selection. The theory of natural selection came to be widely seen as the primary explanation of the process of evolution in the 1930s, and now forms the basis of modern evolutionary theory. In modified form, Darwin?s scientific discovery is the unifying theory of the life sciences, providing logical explanation for the diversity of life.
I recall my traveling on 16th September 2004 in a train powered by steam engine in a first class compartment of 1900?s vintage organized by Durban state of South Africa. When the train was moving from one station to another, Mahatma Gandhi?s struggle against apartheid system in South Africa was going through my mind. The train halted at Pietermartizburg, the station where the monster of apartheid bite Gandhiji on a cold winter night. He was evicted out of a first class compartment because of the colour of his skin. When I alighted at the Pietermartizburg railway station, I saw a plaque in the railway station, which reads like this: In the Vicinity of this plaque M.K. GANDHI was evicted from a first class compartment on the night of 7 June 1893. This incident changed the course of his life. He took up the fight against racial oppression. His active non-violence started from that date.
This was the rebirth of Ahimsa Dharma after the Kalinga War in 300 B.C. Gandhiji later developed the Ahimsa Dharma and gave India a powerful tool to win independence. Mahatma Gandhi was influenced by Abraham Lincoln?s Gettysburg speech. Teachings of Gandhi came to inspire nonviolent movements notably in the U.S.A. under the civil rights leader Martin Luther King.
Thomas Alva Edison
Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor who developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. He was one of the first inventors to apply the principles of mass production and large teamwork to the process of invention, and therefore is often credited with the creation of the first industrial research laboratory. Edison originated the concept and implementation of electric-power generation and distribution to homes, businesses, and factories - a crucial development in the modern industrialized world.
Einstein: One of the major breakthroughs in science in the 20th century that had an everlasting impact on the human kind is the most celebrated work of Einstein. Einstein explained, for the first time in 1905, the principle of the inertia of energy as a universal law. The famous energy equation E=MC2 was given to the world. This equation has become the basis for converting matter into energy ? giving birth to a new avenue called the nuclear energy for producing electricity to light up our cities and villages. After this event, Einstein looked up to the space and saw millions and millions of galaxies and he noticed that we belong to one of the smallest galaxy. In the smallest galaxy, sun is the smallest star. In this smallest galaxy, we have 9 planets and the planet in which the human race lives is an insignificant planet. But yet we have all types of lives, including human life. This led to creative astronomers like Copernicus, Galileo and Kepler who had given a new dimension to the world of astronomy. Today we take it for granted that earth is a globe, orbiting around the sun, and the sun orbits in the Milky Way. We are not alone. Human race is not a unique race in the universe. All the technological advancements we have today are the outcome of scientific exploration of scientists of earlier centuries. At no time, man was beaten by problems. He strives continuously to subjugate impossibility and then succeeds. When I see you all, I am reminded of one thought regarding inventors and inventions, discoverers and discoveries.
Inventors – inventions and discoverers - discoveries
Let us study important inventors and their inventions. ? The Wright brothers and the plane. ? George Eastman and film ? Thomas Edison and the light bulb ? Alexandra Graham bell and the telephone. Let us study a few Discoverers and their discoveries. ? Albert Einstein and the energy equation E=MC2 ? Srinivas Ramanujan and number theory ? Chandrasekhar Subramaniyam and Chandrasekhar Limit ? Sir CV Raman and Raman Effect Inventions and discoveries have emanated from creative minds that have been constantly working and imaging the outcome in the mind. With imaging and constant effort, all the forces of the universe work for that inspired mind, thereby leading to inventions or discoveries. Higher the number of creative minds in the nation, the best results of innovation will emerge for economic development of the nation. At this point of time, I would like to recall the award function held on 22 March 2005, of Shankar?s International Children?s Competition, where I saw the creative work of children coming from different parts of the world.
I would like to share some of the creative work presented in that competition. Aardhra Krishna (13) has worn her thinking cap on and let her imagination fly. She has visualized how the earth will look like around 3000 AD. In her imagination, the citizens of the earth are forced to migrate to Mars and have made Mars the home to a flourishing civilization. This advanced civilization, which was man made comes suddenly under threat created by nature in the form of an asteroid of Jupiter. The asteroid from Jupiter was coming towards Mars and Mars was in danger of extinction. The scientists on Mars come up with a very innovative plan of a barrage of nuclear cannons to attack the oncoming asteroid. The bombardment destroys the asteroid and the year 3000 A.D. sees a Martian civilization surviving from the fury of the nature by scientific innovation. What a beautiful scientific thinking of Aardhra Krishna? Dear students, I am sure your minds are equally powerful in visualising and thinking. Let me share with you an event which actually took place in July 2005 through a NASA Space experiment.
Deep Impact on Comet Tempel – I:
This event relates to the impact of the NASA spacecraft called deep impact smashing into the comet Tempel-I, with enough force to create football stadium sized crater with a depth of a 14 storey building. The spacecraft was navigated by an Indian Shyam Bhaskaran ? the deep impact traveled 431 million kms in 172 days escaping from the earth orbit and intercepted the comet at a straight distance from earth at 134 million km. the comet was orbiting around the Sun every five and half years. This is considered as one of the land marks in space exploration. This event is important to divert asteroids which may hit the earth in future. One such large asteroid 1950 AD is expected to hit the earth on March 16, 2880 AD and nearly one third of the earth will be damaged. Like the "Deep Impact" one spacecraft is required to be sent with high energy material to divert or break the asteroid to move it out of the present orbit. Now let me talk about knowledge which has three components.
Knowledge is = creativity + righteousness + courage. The combination of these characteristics can generate enlightened citizens. Creativity "Learning gives creativity Creativity leads to thinking Thinking provides knowledge Knowledge makes you great"
The next component of knowledge is righteousness. Righteousness is described in a divine hymn, which I have already recited. Righteousness Where there is righteousness in the heart There is beauty in the character. When there is beauty in the character, There is harmony in the home. When there is harmony in the home. There is an order in the nation. When there is order in the nation, There is peace in the world. The third component is courage, which is characterized by : COURAGE Courage to think different, Courage to invent, Courage to travel into an unexplored path, Courage to discover the impossible, Courage to combat the problems and succeed are the unique qualities of the youth. As a youth of my nation, I will work and work with courage to achieve success in all the missions.
How will you acquire the knowledge upto the age of seventeen? You can certainly acquire knowledge from home in a spiritual environment, Primary school teachers, good books, and teaching environment.
To transform India to the developed status which I have described, all the five hundred and forty million youth have to contribute by excelling in every one of their tasks. Let me assure you that determination will lead to success. Dear young friends, let us recite: "I will succeed" I will definitely succeed in my life. Success is powered by mission in life. Mission in life is powered by three great actions. Great actions are acquisition of knowledge, hard work and perseverance. Knowledge is powered by great teachers and great books. Hard work is powered by the mission in life. Perseverance is powered by will power. I will definitely succeed with the goal set in my life.
I am sure, all of you will work with the spirit "I can do it" "we can do it" and the "nation can do it". This will make you a great success and will also lead to a happy, prosperous, safe and peaceful India before 2020. With these words, I inaugurate the new Bal Bhavan complex. My best wishes to all the members of Bal Bhavan for success in their mission of nurturing and promoting creativity among the children of Rajkot. May God bless you.